Early British Kings



The table below is an attempt to map the interconnected timeline of the early kings who ruled in Great Britain leading up to the time that Regia Anglorum represents – when King Æthelstan ousted the last of the Viking rulers and established a united England. It is a long intertwined list and the different colours are meant to help as a guide so you can see to what dynasty a king might have identified with.

Note that the vague geographical divisions denoted by each column were by no means fixed, Æthelberht I of Kent probably governed a very different geographical area from Æthelberht III, for instance. It is therefore doubtful that this list contains the required information to plot the ebbing and flowing of dynastic influence on a map.

Please be patient while the complete list loads, even a vague overview of 500 years of history such as this contains a lot of data. The timeline ends in the year 927, if this year is not visible, you should consider re-loading the page.


Date Briton Briton Briton Briton Briton Briton Briton Briton Saxon Jute Jute Saxon Saxon Jute Saxon Angle Angle Angle Angle Briton Angle Angle Briton Pict Gael Date
Ceredigion Dyfed  Gwynedd Powys Ergyng  Gwent Glywysing Dumnonia / Cornwall The Gewisse / The West Saxons The Wihtwara / The Isle of Wight The Meonwara / The Meonsæte The South Saxons The Hæstingas Kent The East Saxons The East Angles The Hwicce The Mercians Lindsey / The Lindswara The Elmetsæte / Elmet The Deirans / Northumbria The Bernicians / Northumbria Alt Clut / Strathclyde / The Cumbrians The Picts / Fortriu The Scots / Dál Riata
Unknown                                                   Unknown
Unknown Mor

then

Solar
Port

then

Bieda & Mægla 
Wehha Winta
then
Cretta
then
Cuelgils
then
Cædbæd
then
Bubba
then
Beda
then
Biscop
then
Eanferth
then
Eatta
then
Aldfrith
Yffe Œsa

then

Eoppa
Ceretic Guletic
then
Cinuit
then
Dumnagual I
then
Clinoch
then
Riderch I
Drest I
then
Talorc I
then
Nechtan I
then
Drest II
then
Galan
then
Drest III
then
Drest IV
then
Gartnait I
then
Cailtram
then
Talorc II
then
Drest V
then
Galam
Fergus I Unknown
420 420
424 Ceredig ap Cunedda 424
430 Cadeyern Fendigaid 430
443 Erbin 443
447 Cadell Ddyrnllwg 447
450 Cunedda 450
453 Usai 453
460 Unknown Cadeyern Fendigaid
then
Cyngen Glodrydd
then
Pasgen ap Cyngen
then
Morgan ap Pasgen
then
Brochwel Ysgithrog
then
Cynan Garwyn
Masgwid Gloff 460
470 Einion Glywys 470
473 Hengist & Horsa 473
474 Gwrfoddw 474
477 Ælle 477
After 477
then

Unknown
Hæsta  After 477
480 Unknown Gwynllyw & Pawl & Mechwyn (Partitioned) Geraint Llyngesic  480
488 then

Unknown
Æsc 488
490 Serwyl 490
495 Llaennog ap Masgwid 495
500 Cadwallon 500
501 Domengart 501
507 Comgall 507
514 Cado Cissa 514
516 then

Unknown
Octa 516
519 Cerdic 519
523 Cadoc & Pawl (Partitioned) 523
525 Boddw 525
527 Æscwine Icel
then
Cnebba
then
Cyneweld
527
530 Custennin 530
531 Stuf & Wihtgar
then
 Wihtgar
then

Wihtwara Rule
531
534 Maelgwn Cynric 534
537 Gabrán 537
540 Meurig ap Caradog ap Ynyr Cadwg Eormenric Wicca Arthuis ap Masgwid 540
541 Wihtgar 541
547 Rhun then  Unknown Ida 547
558 then

Unknown
Conall I 558
559 Ælla Glappa 559
560 Arthfoddw Unknown Gerren rac Denau Ceawlin Gwallog ap Llaennog Adda 560
567 Unknown 567
568 Æthelric 568
570 Glywys 570
571 Wuffa 571
572 Theodric 572
574 Áedán 574
578 Tytila 578
579 Frithuwald Riderch I 579
580 Beli   Bridei 580
584 Creoda Gartnait II 584
585 Hussa 585
587 Sledda 587
589 Æthelric 589
590 Erbic ap Meurig Æthelberht I Ceredig ap Gwallog 590
591 Ceol 591
593 Pybba Æthelfrith 593
595 Arthlwys Erb ap Erbic 595
597 Ceowulf 597
598 Bledric 598
599 Iago Rædwald 599
Unknown 7th Century Cloten

then

Rhain
600
601 Nechtan II 601
~604 Sæberht   ~604
606 Cearl 606
607 Unknown 607
608 Eochaid I 608
610 Selyf ap Cynan Pebiaw Nynnio ap Erb 610
611 Cynegils 611
613 Cadfan Manwgan ap Selyf Clemen 613
613  Eiludd Powys 613
614 Neithon 614
615 615
616 Eadbald Seaxred & Sæward Edwin 616
617 Sigeberht I   617
620 Llywarch ap Nynnio Beli I  then  Eugein I 620
621 Cinioch 621
624 Eorpwald 624
625 Cadwallon Tewdrig ap Llywarch 625
625 Meurig ap Tewdrig
  625
626 Cynegils & Cwichelm Penda 626
627 Ricberht Eochaid I & Connad Cerr 627
628 Penda 628
629 Sigeberht  then
Unknown
then
Enfrith & Eanhere
Domnal Brecc 629
630 Clydog I Gwrgant 630
633 Petroc Baladrddellt Osric Eanfrith Gartnait III  then  Bridei II  then  Talorc III 633
633 Power Vacuum 633
634 Cadafael Ecgric Oswald 634
635 Penda & Eowa 635
636 Cynegils Anna 636
640 Eorcenberht 640
642 Unknown Penda & Peada Oswiu Eugein I  then  Guret Ferchar I 642
643 Cenwalh Penda 643
644   Oswine   644
645 Penda       645
648 Cenwalh       648
650         Dúnchad & Conall II 650
651   Æthelwald   651
653 Sigeberht II       Talorgan I 653
654 Æthelhere       Dúnchad 654
654 Æthelwold I       654
655 Cadwaladr Beli ap Eiludd Unknown Oswiu       655
656   Oswiu & Ealhfrith   656
657       Gartnait IV 657
658 Wulfhere       Elfin 658
659 Culmin       659
660 Æthelwealh Swithelm       Domangart 660
661 Donyarth       661
663       Drest VI 663
664 Ecgberht I Sighere & Sæbbi Ealdwulf       664
665 Seisyll ap Clydog

then

Unknown

then

Gwgon
    665
670 Æthelwealh   Ecgfrith Ecgfrith & Ælfwine Ecgfrith 670
671   Bridei III 671
672 Cenwalh & Seaxburh  then

Arwald
  672
673   Máel Dúin 673
674 Seaxburh   674
674 Cenfus Hlothhere Eanhere   674
674 Æscwine   674
675 Osric then Osric & Oshere Æthelred I 675
676 Centwine Máel Dúin & Ferchar II 676
679   Ecgfrith 679
680 Athrwys ap Meurig Osric & Oshere 680
682 Idwal Elfin  then  Dumnagual II 682
683 683
685 Unknown Cædwalla Eadric Ealdfrith 685
686 Cædwalla Oshere  686
687 Sighere Æthelberht & Æthelheard & Æthelweard & Æthelric 687
688 Ine Swæfheard Sæbbi 688
689 Swæfheard & Swæfberht & Oswine Domnall Donn & Ferchar II 689
689 Swæfheard & Oswine 689
691 Swæfheard & Wihtred 691
692 Wihtred Taran 692
693 693
694 Beli II 694
695 Gwylog ap Beli Sigeheard & Swæfred 695
696 Eochaid II & Ferchar II 696
697 Bridei IV Eochaid II 697
697 Ainbcellach 697
698 Fiannamail 698
700 Geraint Selbach 700
704 Cœnred 704
705 Eadwulf 705
705 Osred I 705
706 Æthelheard &
Æthelweard &
Æthelric

then

Eanberht &
Ealdred &
Uhtred
 
Nechtan IV 706
709 Offa 709
709 Sælred Ceolred 709
710 Ithel Eiddyn 710
713 Ælfwald 713
715 Morgan ap Athrwys Dyfnwal Boifunall
then
Cawrdolli
then
Oswallt
then
Hernam
then
Hopkin
then
Mordaf
then
Fferferdy
Sælred & Swæfberht 715
716 Ceolwald Coenred 716
716 Æthelbald 716
718 Osric 718
720 Rhodri 720
722 Teudebur 722
724 Drest VII 724
725 Elisedd ap Gwylog Ælfric & Eadberht I & Æthelberht II 725
726 Æthelheard Æthelstan Eochaid III 726
729 Ceolwulf Nechtan IV 729
732 Óengus I 732
733 Muiredach 733
735 Ithel ap Morgan   735
736   736
738 Sælred Eadberht 738
740 Maredydd ap Rhain Cuthred Æthelberht 740
745 745
746 Swithred 746
748 Æthelberht II & Eardwulf 748
749 Beorna &  Hun & Æthelberht I (Probably Partitioned) 749
752 Rotri 752
754 Caradog Dumnagual III 754
755 Brochfael ap Elisedd Brochwal ap Ithel

then

Ffernfael ap Ithel
Rhys 755
756 Sigeberht   756
757 Cynewulf Beornred 757
757 Offa 757
758 Sigeric Oswulf 758
759 Æthelwald Moll 759
760 Osmond Offa &  Æthelred I Ealdred &
Uhtred

then

Ealdred
760
761 Bridei V 761
762 Eadberht II & Sigered 762
763 Ciniod I 763
~763 Eanmund & Sigered ~763
764 Heaberht 764
765 Heaberht & Ecgberht II Alhred 765
768   Áed I 768
771 Offa 771
773 Cadell ap Elisedd 773
774 Æthelred I 774
775 Arthwyr ap Ffernfael

then

Ithael ab Arthwyr
Alpín 775
778 Fergus II 778
779 Unknown Offa & Æthelberht II Ælfwald I 779
780 Talorgan II 780
781 Donncoirce 781
782 782
784 Ealhmund Drest VII 784
785 Arthfael Offa 785
786 Beorhtric 786
787 Offa & Ecgfrith Offa & Ecgfrith Conall 787
788 Osred II 788
789 Caustantín 789
790 Æthelred I 790
792 Unknown 792
794 Offa 794
795   795
796 Eadwald Osbald 796
796 Ecgfrith Eardwulf 796
796 Cœnwulf Eadberht III Præn Eadwald Cœnwulf 796
797 Rhain ap Maredydd 797
798 Cynan Cœnwulf & Cynehelm Cuthred Sigered I Cœnwulf Cœnwulf & Cynehelm 798
802 Ecgberht 802
805 Conall III 805
806 Ælfwald II 806
807 Connal IV 807
808 Owain ap Maredydd Cyngen ap Cadell Eardwulf Domnall & Caustantín 808
809 Cœnwulf 809
811 Triffyn ap Rhein Eanred 810
812 Cœnwulf     812
814 Owain ap Maredydd

then

Hyfaidd ap Bledrig
  814
816 Hywel 816
820 Óengus II Domnall 820
821 Ceolwulf I Unknown Ceolwulf Ceolwulf I 821
822 Ceolwulf 822
823 Beornwulf Baldred Beornwulf 823
825 Merfyn Unknown   Æthelwulf  & Ecgberht III   825
826 Ludeca 826
827 Wiglaf 827
829 Ecgberht 829
830 Rhys Sigered I Æthelstan Wiglaf 830
834 Drest IX 834
835 Unknown 835
837 Eóganán Eóganán &  Áed II 837
839 Æthelwulf Æthelwulf  & Æthelstan Æthelweard Wigmund Uurad Kenneth I 839
840 Hywel Wigstan 840
840 Wigstan & Ælfflæd 840
840 Beorhtwulf 840
841 Æthelred II 841
842 Bridei VI & Cinirod II 842
843 Bridei VII 843
844 Rhodri Rædwulf 844
845 Drest X 845
848 Meurig ap Arthfael
then
Brochwael ap Meurig & Ffernwael ap Meurig
then
Arthfael ap Hywel
then
Cadell ap Arthfael
Kenneth I 848
849 Æthelred II 849
849 Osberht Dumnagual IV or Artgal

then

Artgal
  849
851   851
852 Burgred 852
854   854
855   Æthelwulf  & Æthelberht III Eadmund 855
856 Æthelbald Æthelbald 856
858 Æthelberht III Donald I 858
860 Æthelberht 860
862 Constantine I 862
863 Ælle II 863
865 Donyarth Æthelred I 865
867 Ælle II & Osberht 867
867   Ívarr Ívarr & Ubbe & Hálfdan I & Bagsecg Ecgberht I 867
870 Ívarr 870
871 Ælfred Guthrum I Guthrum I Hálfdan I 871
872 Anghared & Rhodri Mawr Ricsige Run 872
873 Hálfdan I   873
874 Ceolwulf II 874
876 Eluid
then
Alanorus
then
Ricatus
Ecgberht II Hálfdan   876
877 Ubbe Unknown Run Áed III 877
878 Cadell ap Rhodri Hyfaidd ap Bledrig Anarawd     Eadwulf II Eochaid & Giric Giric & Eochaid IV 878
879 Æthelred II 879
883 Guthfrith 883
886 Owain 886
889 Dyfnwal I Donald II 889
890 Eohric Eohric 890
893 Llywarch ap Hyfaidd 893
895 Sigfreth & Knútr 895
899 Eadweard I 899
900 Æthelwold   Constantine II   900
902 Guthrum II Guthrum II Hálfdan II & Eowils       902
902       902
904 Rhodri ap Hyfaidd       904
905 Hywel Dda       905
908 Dyfnwal II   908
909 Clydog II & Hywel Dda 909
910 Huwal Eadwulf II 910
911 Æthelflæd 911
913 Ealdred 913
916 Idwal Owen I 916
917 917
918 Ælfwynn Ragnall ua Ímair   918
920   920
921   Sigtrygg Cáech 921
924 Æthelstan 924
926   926
927     927