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Regia Anglorum: Anglo-Saxon, Viking, Norman and British Living History Group, founding member of NAReS
 
Authentic Names

Looking for an authentic name for your new persona, or perhaps for a character from another ethnic group? To help you we've put together a large (but not exhaustive) list of names from the period. We have Saxon (Ænglisc), Viking (Norse), Norman and Welsh names for you to choose from.

Saxon Names

Saxons only had given names. If someone wanted to distinguish between two people with the same name they would add the person's occupation, home village or, for married women, the husband's name. For example 'Wulfstan the Smith', as opposed to 'Wulfstan of Brycgstow' or 'Æthelburg, Wulfstan's wife'. After the time of Cnut some Saxons adopted the Danish system of using their father's name with a '-son' suffix.

A pronunciation guide is provided below to help you work out how to say your name. If you don't find a name you like in the lists then have a look here for a list part names to make up your own.

Male Saxon's Name

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Female Saxon's Name

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Saxon Names

Many Saxon names are actually compound words made from two common elements. Some of these are only used by one gender, others are unisex. The following list gives first and second elements for both sexes so you can 'custom build' your own authentic name. Female examples are here.

Male Saxon Name Elements First Element
  • Ægel Ælf Æsc Æthel Al Ald Alf
  • Bald Beo Beorht Beorn Briht Bryht Byrht
  • Cen Ceol Cuth Cyne
  • Dud Dun
  • Ead Eal Eald Ealh Ean Ecg Ed Eo Eoh
  • Frith
  • Gar God Grim Guth
  • Here Hild Hu Hun Hyge
  • Lan Leo Leod Leof
  • Ord Os
  • Sid Sig Sige
  • Theo Thur Tid
  • Wig Wiht Wil Win Wine Wulf
Second Element
  • bald beorht beorth berht briht bryht byrht
  • cytel
  • ferth
  • gar
  • heah heard helm here hun
  • lac
  • mær mund
  • noth
  • ræd red ric
  • sig sige stan
  • ulf
  • wald weald weard wig wine wold wulf
Female Saxon Name Elements First Element
  • Ælf Æthel
  • Ceol Cuth Cyne
  • Ead Ealh Ean Ecg Ed
  • Frith
  • Here Hild
  • Leof
  • Os
  • Wiht Wyn
Second Element
  • burg burh
  • flæd
  • gifu gyth
  • hild
  • ith
  • swith
  • thryth
  • wyn
Notes on Pronunciation
œ
as in Mode
æ
'a' as in 'hat'
a
'a' as in 'father'
c
before 'e' or 'i' pronounced 'ch', otherwise pronounced 'k'
g
before 'e' or 'i' at beginning of word pronounced as a 'y', between vowels pronounced as a 'w', otherwise pronounced like modern 'g'
ge
initial 'ge' is usually voiceless
s
'z' in middle of word, 's' at beginning or end of word
f
'v' in middle of word, 'f' at beginning or end of word
h
at beginning of word, as 'h' in hound, otherwise like 'ch/sh'
sc
'sh'
hw
'wh'
‑ht
'ght'
cw
'qu'
‑ycg
'idge'
ecg
'edge'
Viking Names

Vikings had only given names. Their "last name" was usually their father's name plus 'sson' for a man or 'dotter' for a woman. If the person's mother was a prominent widow, her children might be known by her name instead plus 'rson' for a man or 'dotter' for a woman. Often families altemated the name of the eldest so that Arn Gunnarsson might be the father and son of Gunnar Arnsson and the grandfather and grandson of Arn Gunnarsson.

Nicknames

Giving a nickname was like naming a newborn baby; it created a special tie between the name-giver and the name-taker. The newly named person could claim a gift from the name-giver, either a present or a favour, even if the name was derogatory.

Nicknames sometimes went by contraries: a man with swarthy skin might be called 'the fair'; an unusually tall man might be nicknamed 'the short'.

Few Viking women had nicknames; most described the woman's wisdom, beauty, wealth or speech habits.

Male Viking Names

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Female Viking Names

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Nicknames

This is just a small selection to give you an idea of the sort of nicknames given.

Wise, Fox, Fool, Grey Cloak, Hairy Britches, Flat Nose, Hog-head, Broad-paunch, Short, Stout, Fair, Dark, Halftroll, Forkbeard, Hairy-cheek, Bald, Beardless, Tangle-hair, Trout, Seal, Blood-axe, War Tooth, Long Reach, Iron Sword, Skull-splitter, Hot-head, Trunk-back, Ironside, Anvil-head, Fearless, Gold bearer, Ring Giver, Grim, Silent, Smooth-tongued, Word-master, Adder-tongue, Braggart, Crow, Eagle, Healer, Trollwise, Strong-minded, Deep-minded, Boneless.

Norman Names

We have fewer Norman names but we do have a handful of both male and Female ones.

Male Names

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

  • Archambaud
  • Bartolemi Baoudouin Bertrand Bohemond
  • Conan
  • Draco Drogo
  • Edward Eustace
  • Falco Fulk
  • Geoffrey Gervais Godfroi Guy
  • Henri
  • Odo Odon Otho
  • Ranulf Raymond Reynaud Reynault Richard Robert Roger Rollo
  • Sebrand Simon Stephen Sulpice
  • Tancred Turold
  • Vital
  • Willeim Wadward
Female Names

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

  • Adelaide Alais Arlette
  • Ermengarde
  • Hersende
  • Mathilde Milesende
  • Petronella
Welsh Names

Fortunately those peoples living in the principality we now call Wales liked writing almost as much as the Saxons and we have a number of Welsh names.

Male Names

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

  • Addonwy Afan Aneirin Aeddan Amig Amlyn Athrwys Arddur
  • Buddfannan Blaen Bledri Bradwen Bleddig
  • Cadfannan Cadfael Cadwallon Cilydd Cynon Cynfan Cyfulch Cynrain Cunvelyn Caradoc Cibno Ceredig Cadlew Cynwal Clydno Cynhafal
  • Dafydd Defi Dwyai
  • Edar Edern Eiddef Erthgi Elad Elffin Eudaf
  • Gwefrfawr Gwegon Gwion Gwyn Gwarddur Gwern Gwyleged Gwrien Gwraid Gorthyn Gwaednerth Gwengad Gwenabwy Gwrfelling Gwair Graid Geriant Gwanon
  • Hyfaidd Hywel
  • Ieuan
  • Llywel
  • Marchlew Moried Morien Madog Morial Mynyddog Merin
  • Neilyn Nwythorn Nai Nerthaid Niddig Nidian
  • Owain
  • Padern Pedrog
  • Ricerch Rhodri Rhufon Rhun
  • Sawel Seriol Sywno
  • Tathal Tathan Tudfwlch Tyngyr
  • Uren Uwain
  • Ysgarran
Female Names

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

  • Adwen Annest Angarad Arianwen
  • Briant
  • Collwen
  • Duddug Dwynwen
  • Eleri
  • Ffraid
  • Glesig Glesni Gwen
  • Heledd
  • Indeg
  • Leri Lleucu Llio
  • Melangell Meleri
  • Nest Nia

Last updated on 9 Feb 2004.
© Regia Anglorum MCMLXXXVI – MMXVI
Compiled by Regia Anglorum.